PALM OIL

The single greatest threat facing orangutans today is habitat loss through deforestation. The key driver for deforestation is the palm oil industry.

© Cara Macnally

Global Forest Watch advises that the average annual forest loss between 2010 – 2019 was 1,446,554.000 acres (585,4000 hectares), the equivalent of
XY American Football fields per hour
It is estimated that 750 to 1,250 orangutans are being killed during human-orangutan conflicts each year (IUCN) which means about

1 orangutan every 7 hours

The Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) Foundation sees the result of the unsustainable palm oil industry expansion daily, and we know that the conservation of orangutan habitat is crucial to the survival of the series.

What is palm oil?

© Cara Macnally

Palm Oil Fruit

Palm oil is the world’s most popular vegetable oil and comes from the fruit of the oil palm Elaeis guineensis. It is used in many processed foods, including ice cream, chocolate, chips, cereals, frozen foods, margarine, baked goods, and fruit juice.

Palm oil is also used widely in personal care, cosmetic and household products, including soap, toothpaste, shampoo, cosmetics, laundry powders and detergents. And it is used as a raw material for biofuels.

What is sustainable palm oil?

About 20% of the globally produced palm oil is now ‘Certified Sustainable Palm Oil’ (CSPO), which means that the oil has been produced according to eight principles:

  1. Commitment to transparency
  2. Compliance with applicable laws and regulations
  3. Commitment to long-term economic and financial viability
  4. Use of appropriate best practices by growers and millers
  5. Environmental responsibility and conservation of natural resources and biodiversity
  6. Responsible consideration of employers, and individuals and communities affected by growers and mills
  7. Responsible development of new plantings
  8. Commitment to continuous improvement in key areas of activity

CSPO can be sold via one of four different supply chains:

  1. Identity-preserved (IP) CSPO can be traced back to one certified supply base.
  2. Segregated (SG) CSPO can be traced back to several certified supply bases.
  3. Mass Balance (MB) CSPO is mixed with ordinary palm oil throughout the supply chain.
  4. Book and Claim (BC) CSPO is a certificate trading system. Manufacturers and retailers can buy credits from RSPO-certified growers, crushers, and independent smallholders, but continue to buy non-certified palm oil. (RSPO)

Due to the growing awareness within the general public, increasing pressure has been applied to corporations, with the result that in recent years a number of major retailers and manufacturers are now committed to buying CSPO. However, globally there are still many brands moving too slow or even going backwards.

What is sustainable palm oil?

The Center for Sustainable Palm Oil Studies (CSPO)

Our palm oil policy supports the use of identity-preserved and segregated certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO). We believe its adoption is achievable if sufficient consumer pressure is brought to bear.

Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil

We acknowledge that the shift to sustainable production and the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certification process is not without its issues. However, we believe it remains the most acceptable solution currently available.

What you can do to help

Contact manufacturers directly and ask why they are using palm oil and if it’s CSPO.

Check the ingredients – if the product contains palm oil, check to see if it has the CSPO logo or contact the manufacturer to get details on the oil’s source. If it’s not CSPO, seek an alternative product and let the manufacturer know why you’ve chosen not to buy the product.

Letters, protest postcards, and petitions all play a part in informing the manufacturers and government that the community wants change.

Inform your family, friends, and colleagues of the issue, and have them sign our Palm Oil Pledge.